How a Rifle Scope Performs


The quality of a rifle scope can be more important than the quality of the rifle. With a great rifle scope, a hunter should know How A Rifle Scope Works can hit a target just using a mediocre gun, but a hunter using a poor rifle scope will have trouble hitting targets even with the best rifles on the market. There are many varieties of rifle scopes, depending on the type of shooting you want to undertake. Also, since no two rifles are exactly the same, you can't mount the same type of rifle scope to two different rifles the exact same way and expect matching results. 

The most important parts of the rifle scope are the lenses. The larger lens is the objective lens, which is located at the end of the scope farthest from the rifle's stock, and its purpose is to transmit light back to the ocular lens, which is the lens closest to your eye.  The objective bell is the place where the objective lens is contained, while the eyepiece is where the ocular lens is found. Rifle scope lenses are waterproof and fog-proof and perform just like telescopes, such that light passing through the objective lens are focused on a point inside the scope; then the ocular lens magnifies the light from the focal point. 

Rifle scopes are equipped with markers called reticles or also known as crosshairs, the purpose of which is to show the shooter exactly where the shot will go once you pull the trigger. Rifle scopes have multiple settings which can be found in the power ring, such that turning the power ring changes the magnification setting on the scope. There are two controls that affect a scope's sight, which are the windage adjustment and the elevation adjustment. The windage adjustment tweaks the horizontal settings on a scope, while the elevation adjustment changes the vertical settings. The main body of the rifle scope is the tube and there are two main diameter sizes of tubles: 1-inch tube and 30-mm tube. It is important to know these diameter sizes so you can view website and use the correct mounting rings when you attach the rifle scope to your rifle.

Before mounting the rifle scope, you should hold the rifle in a comfortable position while taking an aim. It is also important to pay attention to the way you position your head and neck, such that the mounting of the rifle scope should complement with your posture for better target aim. Then the next step is to have all the equipment ready, which includes the rifle scope, unloaded rifle, scope mount or base, mounting rings, and a set of tools, like screwdrivers and an Allen wrench. The base of the rifle scope is connected to the rifle with either clamps or screws, depending on the type of base. That's why it's important to match your mounting rings to the type of base, as well as the rifle scope. The mounting rings are two-piece clamps and the lower part of the rings is attached directly to the scope base, while the upper half of the rings will hold the rifle scope in place. Then you'll need to secure your rifle in a gun vise before getting to work.

Bring your rifle to an area where you can set up a target at about 25 yards away. Remove the bolt on your rifle and install a bore sighter in the rifle's muzzle and look down the bore of the rifle. Then adjust the rifle scope to its highest magnification and place it on the bottom half of the mounting rings. If you can position the rifle scope's reticle to the approximate center of the bore sighter's reticle without tweaking the adjustment settings on the rifle scope itself, then you're in the right mounting condition.